According to reports from emigration assistance groups and local banks, South Africa is experiencing a sharp rise in people emigrating. Pew Research estimates that at least 900,000 people born in South Africa were living in other countries in 2017, with many of these people being skilled and educated.
Marisa Jacobs, Immigration Specialist and Director at Xpatweb, the largest independent immigration specialists in South Africa, says the company’s recently released annual Critical Skills Survey not only highlights the top critical skills that employers struggle to recruit within local borders but shows striking similarities between the jobs that are in demand in popular emigration destinations, such as the United Kingdom, New Zealand and Australia.
Which skills are the hardest to recruit locally?
The latest Critical Skills Survey, which is considered by the government, surveyed 110 companies, including JSE-listed companies and large multinational groups operating in Africa. Following last year’s survey, ICT specialists and engineers remain the most difficult to recruit, followed by artisans, senior financial executives, professionals in the health sector, executive managers, specialists & academics, mining executives, risk managers, and foreign language speakers.
“The most notable jump in figures are the number of South African companies struggling to recruit artisans, increasing by 45% from last year and professionals in the health sector which rose by a massive 200%” says Jacobs.
Work visa processes to recruit internationally are perceived as onerous
Over 85% of respondents indicated that they find it difficult to recruit critically skilled individuals and that an international search would help them find these skills, but that the work visa process was an inhibitor.
“Respondents indicated that the work visa process prohibits South African employers from recruiting internationally, citing onerous requirements and long processing times of the South African embassies abroad, as some of the major challenges they face. While this is a clear perception shared by the respondents, our experience has shown that if the person being recruited truly has a critical skill, we have never failed to obtain a work visa,” says Jacobs.
Skills leaving South Africa
South Africa notoriously doesn’t keep record of the number of South Africans who permanently leave the country, but other countries keep track of immigrants.
“Our survey results show that there is a very clear link between the skills that are needed locally and the professions that other countries are recruiting for, again confirming that skills shortages are a global challenge and South Africa is competing for these skills. Skills transfer to local teams and concession planning remains a key element for companies to develop their teams,” concludes Jacobs.
Xpatweb will launch the next Critical Skills survey earlier this year in time to provide input for Government’s new critical skills draft list, which is expected to be published later this year for public comment.